New publication by Bálint Balázs et al in Nature Food, Correspondence
Published May 31, 2023
Ingram, J., Bellotti, W., Brklacich, M. et al. Further concepts and approaches for enhancing food system resilience. Nat Food (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-023-00762-5
The cornerstones to enhance food system resilience can be considered as three fundamental concepts, the ‘3Rs’: robustness, based on the capacity of the food system actors to adapt their activities to resist disruptions to desired food system outcomes; recovery, based on the ability of food system actors to adapt their activities so as to be able to return to pre-existing food system outcomes following disruption; and reorientation, based on the ability of food system actors to adapt their activities based on accepting alternative food system outcomes as a strategy before or after disruption. The 3Rs are not mutually exclusive or hierarchical. Each is dynamic, complex and subject to unpredictable uncertainties, requiring innovations in institutions, governance mechanisms and other systems of accountability, as well as changes in culture, individual behaviour and technology. An appropriate balance is needed across the 3Rs, rather than advocating for singular solutions. While resilience strategies based on robustness and recovery may be more appropriate in the short term but not sustainable, reorientation is arguably a longer-term approach, suggesting practitioners need to situate shorter-term ‘status quo’ efforts within a longer-term, reorientated vision.